Who are the martyrs today?

This exhibit recalls the drama of people of authorityobedient to crown and churchtorturing and killing Anabaptist Christians, people who claimed higher obedience.

The exhibit is based on martyr stories depicted in word and image in the illustrated 1685 edition of the Martyrs Mirror.

It asks questions as current as the morning news:

  • Why do modern governments continue to torture and kill?
  • What beliefs are worth dying for?
  • Who are the martyrs today?


The Martyrs Mirror story is described more fully in the book, Mirror of the Martyrs, co-authored by John S. Oyer and Robert S. Kreider, Good Books, 1990, second edition, 1999. The 96-page book highlights 27 stories from the Martyrs Mirror, all illustrated with etchings from the 1685 edition. The book also includes the biographies of editor Thieleman van Braght and artist Jan Luyken and tells of the drama of the rediscovery of the plates.

 The exhibit asks hard questions:

  • Why did good people torture and kill?
  • Why did good people resist authority?
  • Why do the powerful fear the weak?


The Mirror of the Martyrs exhibit is based on the publication of the second edition of the Martyrs Mirror of 1685. Next to the Bible and the Anabaptist hymnbook, no book has been more influential in perpetuating and nurturing the faith of Mennonites and Amish. The second edition is particularly prized because it is illustrated with 104 etchings by the gifted Mennonite artist, Jan Luyken. The original 104 copper plates used in the printing of the 1685 edition were preserved for two centuries but were thought lost in the rubble of World War II.


Search for the Missing Plates 

In 1975 thirty copper plates reappeared in South Germany. Mennonite bibliophile Amos Hoover of Denver, Pennsylvania, acquired seven of the plates, but, at the last moment 23 of the copper plates slipped into the hands of a Rhineland art collector. Efforts to purchase the remaining 23 plates failed. In May 1988 Robert Kreider of North Newton, Kansas received word of the death of the art collector and the availability again of the long-lost copper plates. After a year of negotiation the 23 copper plates were purchased by Robert Kreider on behalf of a group of friends of the Martyrs Mirror. Kreider was joined in this quest by John Oyer a fellow Mennonite historian from Goshen, Indiana.

Possession of the 300-year-old plates led to the creation of an inter-Mennonite Martyrs Mirror Trust. The Trust was shaped by three concerns:

  1. The plates should be kept together, neither the proud possession of one institution nor a scattering among many owners.
  2. Luyken’s finely-tooled copper plates should be viewed as more than aging artifacts from the era of 16th century Anabaptist martyrs to be savored by only a few. Accompanied with selected martyr stories, both ancient and contemporary, they should be used to tell in fresh ways how Christians have witnessed to their faith under oppression and persecution.
  3. The old etched copper plates should be seen as carrying, not just a quaint, parochial story, but a universal story. Although denying their practices publicly, many governments still torture prisoners of conscience. More such prisoners languish now in lonely cells than in the 150Os. In the 2Oth century, more persons have been killed for conscience’s sake than in any other century in history.

Designing and Building the Exhibit

In 1989 a team was engaged to design and build an exhibit. Robert Regier, former chair of the art department at Bethel College, led the team. Chuck Regier, Curator of Exhibits for Kauffman Museum on the Bethel College campus, was responsible for building the exhibit. Robert Kreider, historian, was curator. The following parameters shaped the design of the exhibit:

  • The core would be the martyr stories with enlarged visuals, without additional interpretation, surrounding a central arenathe silent place of execution.
  • The exhibit should convey a sense of drama as reflected in the sub-title of the Martyrs MirrorThe Bloody Theater of Nonresistant Christians.
  • The exhibit should include objects in addition to the copper plates to provide visual variety. These objects or artifacts could be martyr books, tools of editing and printing, instruments of torture.
  • The exhibit should be highly mobile exhibit so that the exhibit could easily go out to the people.

A modular exhibit system was designed and fabricated:

  • To allow rapid assembly, disassembly and expansion or contraction to adapt to a variety of exhibit locations.
  • Durable and with minimum weight.
  • The primary module: an L-shaped structure combining one wide and one narrow panel.
  • Self-contained lighting, a necessity for different exhibit environments.



It makes me ask myself, “If I were tried for being a Christian, would there be enough evidence to convict me?”

A powerful message tastefully done in spite of the horror it portrays.

The exhibit is beautiful, so well done, so touching and humbling. 

Extremely powerful! It’s hard to imagine my response to situations like this. I hope I will be able to be as good as a witness.

A dramatic exhibit that shows our continuing struggle to be in the world but not of it.


Exhibition Team
Robert S. Kreider, curator
John S. Oyer and Robert S. Kreider, writers
Robert Regier, designer
Chuck Regier, technical designer and builder
David Kreider, exhibit technician and scheduling coordinator

The Mirror of the Martyrs is supported by: 
The Martyrs Mirror Trust:
Goshen College Historical Library

Kauffman Museum, North Newton, KS


27th and North Main St.
North Newton, KS 67117
Across from the main campus of
Bethel College


(316) 283-1612
Mailing address:
300 E. 27th Street
North Newton, KS, 67117-1716


Tue-Fri  9:30am-4:30pm
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